Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Uses and Identification
24. Reseda alba
25. Reseda lutea
26. Reseda luteola
27. Reseda phyteuma
34. Rheum ribes
35. Rhexia mariana
36. Rhexia virginica
38. Rhodiola rosea
45. Rhus copallina
46. Rhus coriaria
47. Rhus glabra
50. Ribes alpinum
51. Ribes cynosbati
53. Ribes nigrum
55. Ribes rubrum
56. Ribes uva-crispa
58. Ricinus communis
59. Rivina humilis
62. Rosa canina
63. Rosa carolina
64. Rosa gallica
66. Rosa villosa
67. Roselle (plant)
71. Rotala ramosior
72. Rubia peregrina
73. Rubia tinctorum
74. Rubus arcticus
75. Rubus caesius
76. Rubus canadensis
78. Rubus hispidus
79. Rubus idaeus
80. Rubus moluccanus
82. Rubus odoratus
84. Rubus saxatilis
85. Rudbeckia hirta
88. Ruellia tuberosa
89. Rumex acetosa
90. Rumex acetosella
92. Rumex crispus
93. Rumex maritimus
95. Rumex patientia
96. Rumex pulcher
97. Rumex scutatus
98. Ruppia maritima
99. Ruscus aculeatus
100. Ruscus hypoglossum
101. Ruta graveolens
102. Ruta patavina
- A buttercup-like plant unrelated to the greater celandine, one of the poppy family
- Usage: treating piles
effects: rare cases of hepatitis
- Usage: Vaginal steaming
many species called chamomile, each with some
level of distinct chemical properties. Despite
this, chamomile is routinely treated as a single
herb and proscribed as such.
The two most common species are:
are most commonly used, Matricaria nobilis (Roman
chamomile) and M. chamomilla (German
Used as: an "astringent diuretic,
emmenagogue", and claimed to be good for many
conditions, including alkaline urine, diarrhea,
inflammation, wounds, broken bones, fever, and
There is no evidence to support the use of madder root for any of these conditions. The root is used in Ayurveda and Hildegard medicine. Madder root is also used for dyeing fabrics.
effects: May cause cancer, birth
defects, and miscarriages.
It can also make urine, saliva, perspiration, tears, and breast milk turn red. One wonders if happier root would be any better. An extract of madder root, used as a food coloring in Japan, was found to cause liver cancer in rats.
- In TCM: mí dié xiāng (迷迭香)
- Used in: vaginal steaming
Claimed to: solve digestion
problems, heartburn, flatulence, liver and
gallbladder problems, lack of appetite, gout,
coughing, headaches, high blood pressure, and
age-related memory loss. No such effects have
- Beneficial effects:
shows rosemary has antioxidant properties.
suggest long-term rosemary use may
suggest rosemary may neutralize several
badly designed, and small) study suggests
rosemary, if used topically on the head, may
help hair regrowth.
(small, aromatherapy, not compared to placebo)
suggest it may help reduce stress.
speed and accuracy on a test for a study of a
people when scent was inhaled.
No proven resulting benefits, however.
Is a little
spicy and smells nice.
- Harmful effects:
safe if the leaf itself is eaten; is rated as
Generally Recognized as Safe in the U.S.;
the German Commission E has approved it.
ACE inhibitors, taken for high blood pressure.
quantities of rosemary leaves can cause
vomiting, spasms, comas, and pulmonary edema
quantities of rosemary leaves may increase
menstrual blood-flow and can cause miscarriage
and is rated Possibly UnSafe in the U.S. Even
while pregnant, however, it is safe to eat as a
spice in food.
high-blood pressure, ulcers, Crohn's disease, or
ulcerative colitis should not take rosemary."
may be toxic if consumed orally.