N. ORD.-AQUIFOLIACE . 106
SEX. .' VST.—HliX.WDKI.X MOX( H.VNI.V.
SYN.—ILEX VBRTICILLATA, GRAY; PRINOS VERTICILLATUS, LINN.; P.
GRONOVII, MICHX. ; P. CONFERTUS, MCEN.
COM. NAMES.—BLACK ALDER, FEVER BUSH, WINTERBERRY, VIRGINIAN
WINTERBERRY ; (FR. i APALACHINE A FEUILLES DE PRUNIER ;
f GBR. i
A TINCTURE OF THE BARK AND FRUIT OF ILEX VERTICILLATA, GRAY.
Description. —This upright or ascending, much-branched shrub, usually
attains a growth of from 4 to 8 feet. Leaves thin and deciduous, not spiny, in
form obovate, oval, or cuneate-lanceolate, acute at the apex and base, uncinately
serrate, and downy upon the veins underneath; petioles about one-quarter the
length of the blade. Inflorescetice dioecious; floicers all short peduncled, white,
appearing with the leaves. Sterile floivers in small axillary umbels ; calyx-lobes
ciliate ; petals mostly 4 to 6 ; stamens 6 to 7 ; ovary abortive. FeiHile flowers
aggregated or solitary ; petals mostly 5 to 8 ; ovary conical, about 6-celled ; stigma
4- to 6-lobed. Fruit a globose, bright vermilion berry, about the size of a large
pea, crowded upon the branches so as to appear whorled ; nutlets about 6, smooth
and even, or dorsally furrowed or ridged. Embryo minute, nearly globose.
Aquifoliaceae.—This small order, to which Prinos is but lightly wedded, and
represented in North America by but 2 genera and 14 species, is characterized as
follows: Shrubs or trees with their leaves simple, mostly alternate, and generally
coriaceous and evergreen. Flozoers small, axillary, 4- to 8-merous, white or greenish,
often polygamous by abortion. Calyx minute, free from the ovary, 4- to
9-toothed. Stamens as many as the divisions of the corolla and alternate with
them, the filaments attached to their very base ; anthers adnate, opening lengthwise.
Coi'olla hypogynous, rotate, or almost or quite 4- to 8-parted, imbricated in