VeRTICILLATA, Gray.

 

N. ORD.-AQUIFOLIACE  . 106

GENUS.—ILEX,* LINN.

SEX. .'  VST.—HliX.WDKI.X MOX( H.VNI.V.

PRINOS.

BLACK ALDER.

SYN.—ILEX VBRTICILLATA, GRAY; PRINOS VERTICILLATUS, LINN.; P.

GRONOVII, MICHX. ; P. CONFERTUS, MCEN.

COM. NAMES.—BLACK ALDER, FEVER BUSH, WINTERBERRY, VIRGINIAN

WINTERBERRY ; (FR. i APALACHINE A FEUILLES DE PRUNIER ;

f GBR. i

VIRGINISCHE WINTERBEERE.

A TINCTURE OF THE BARK AND FRUIT OF ILEX VERTICILLATA, GRAY.

Description. —This upright or ascending, much-branched shrub, usually

attains a growth of from 4 to 8 feet. Leaves thin and deciduous, not spiny, in

form obovate, oval, or cuneate-lanceolate, acute at the apex and base, uncinately

serrate, and downy upon the veins underneath; petioles about one-quarter the

length of the blade. Inflorescetice dioecious; floicers all short peduncled, white,

appearing with the leaves. Sterile floivers in small axillary umbels ; calyx-lobes

ciliate ; petals mostly 4 to 6 ; stamens 6 to 7 ; ovary abortive. FeiHile flowers

aggregated or solitary ; petals mostly 5 to 8 ; ovary conical, about 6-celled ; stigma

4- to 6-lobed. Fruit a globose, bright vermilion berry, about the size of a large

pea, crowded upon the branches so as to appear whorled ; nutlets about 6, smooth

and even, or dorsally furrowed or ridged. Embryo minute, nearly globose.

Aquifoliaceae.—This small order, to which Prinos is but lightly wedded, and

represented in North America by but 2 genera and 14 species, is characterized as

follows: Shrubs or trees with their leaves simple, mostly alternate, and generally

coriaceous and evergreen. Flozoers small, axillary, 4- to 8-merous, white or greenish,

often polygamous by abortion. Calyx minute, free from the ovary, 4- to

9-toothed. Stamens as many as the divisions of the corolla and alternate with

them, the filaments attached to their very base ; anthers adnate, opening lengthwise.

Coi'olla hypogynous, rotate, or almost or quite 4- to 8-parted, imbricated in

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