Artemi'sia Absinthium, Linn. m

 

N. ORD-COMPOSIT  . 88

Tribe-SENECIONIDE/E.

GENUS.— ARTEMISIA,* l.INN.

SKX. SVST.— 1'OLVc;AMIA SUl'ERl'LUA.

absinthium;

]] 'OEM WOOD.

SYN.—ARTEMISIA ABSINTHIUM, LINN. ; ABSINTHIUM VULGARB, PARK.;

A. OFFICINALE, LAM.

COM. NAMES.—WORMWOOD ; (FR.) ABSINTHE; (GER. i WERMUTH.

A TINCTURE OF THE LEAVES AND FLOWERS OF ARTEMISIA ABSINTHIUM, LINN.

Description.—This bitter, aromatic, frutescent perennial, attains a growtli of

2 to 4 feet. Stem stiff, almost ligneous at the base and paniculately branched ;

branches of two kinds, some fertile, others barren. Leaves alternate, 2 to 3 pinnately

parted, finely pubescent with close silky hairs, the uppermost lanceolate,

entire ; leaflets oblong or lanceolate, obtuse and entire, sparingly toothed or

incised. Inflorescence in long, leafy panicles ; heads numerous, small, heterogamous,

on slender nodding pedicles ; invohicre canescent ; bracts of two kinds, i to

2 loose, narrow, herbaceous ones, and several that are roundish and scarious

;

florets many, all discoid, the central hermaphrodite, the marginal pistillate. Corollas

tubular glabrous; Ihnb nearly entire in the marginal florets, 5-toothed, and

spreading in the central. Style 2-cleft, in the marginal florets bilamellar, with the

inner surfaces stigmatic, in the central bifurcated with only the tips stigmatose,

fringed or fimbriate. Antheis tipped with an acuminate appendage, not inflexed.

Receptacle flattish, beset with long woolly hairs; akenes obovoid or oblong; pappus

none.

History and Habitat.—This European synonym of bitterness has escaped

from gardens in many places in North America, especially, however, in Nova

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