CoRNus Florida, Linn.

 

N. ORD -CORNACE.  . 71

GENUS—CORN us.* TOURN.

SEX. SVST,—TETRANDKIA MONOGVXIA.

CORNUS FLORIDA.

FLOlJ'inUjYG DOG WOOI).

SYN.—CORNUS FLORIDA, LINN. ; BENTHAMIDIA FLORIDA, SPACH.

COM. NAMES.—FLO"WERING DOGWOOD, DOG TREE, BOX TREE, NEW

ENGLAND BOXWOOD, CORNEL, BITTER REDBERRY; (PR.) CORNUILLIER

A GRANDES FLEURS; (GER.) GROSSBLUTHIGE CORNEL.

A TINCTURE OF THE FRESH BARK. OF CORNUS FLORIDA, LINN.

Description.—This small but beautiful forest tree, grows to a height of from

lo to 30 feet; its form is usually somewhat bent, scraggy, and loosely branched;

but if transplanted when young to open places, it grows into a beautiful full,

umbrella-like tree, with an immense spread of branches. Bark greyish, cracked

into small, more or less rectangular pieces ; that of the branches is smooth,

red, and shows strongly the scars of previous leaves. Inflorescence terminal,

peduncled, involucrate, greenish heads; involucre white and showy; lobes 4, petaloid,

obcordate or furnished with deep notches, having a discolored and thickened

margin. Flozvers perfect, appearing with the leaves ; calyx tubular ; lobes 4, minute,

triangular and somewhat obtuse ; petals 4, oblong, obtuse, spreading, but at length

recurved in such a manner as to cause each flower, when magnified, to bear great

resemblance to a plain Ionic capital. Stamens 4, erect; filatnents slender and

filiform ; anthers oval, versatile, 2-celled. Style erect, slender, clavate, shorter

than the stamens ; stigma terminal, obtuse. Fruit a few oval, red drupes, containing

each a 2-celled and 2-seeded nutlet.

Cornaceae.—This small order is composed of shrubs or trees (rarely herbs)

having the following characters : Leaves mostly opposite, rarely alternate ; stipules

none. Inflorescence cymose, or (in two species of Cornus) capitate and subtended

by a showy, white involucre ; flozvers perfect or polygamous. Calyx tubular and

coherent with the ovary ; li  nb minute, 4-toothed. Petals valvate in the bud, equal

in number to the calyx teeth or sometimes wanting. Stamens as many as the petals

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