CoRNus Florida, Linn.
N. ORD -CORNACE. . 71
GENUS—CORN us.* TOURN.
SEX. SVST,—TETRANDKIA MONOGVXIA.
FLOlJ'inUjYG DOG WOOI).
SYN.—CORNUS FLORIDA, LINN. ; BENTHAMIDIA FLORIDA, SPACH.
COM. NAMES.—FLO"WERING DOGWOOD, DOG TREE, BOX TREE, NEW
ENGLAND BOXWOOD, CORNEL, BITTER REDBERRY; (PR.) CORNUILLIER
A GRANDES FLEURS; (GER.) GROSSBLUTHIGE CORNEL.
A TINCTURE OF THE FRESH BARK. OF CORNUS FLORIDA, LINN.
Description.—This small but beautiful forest tree, grows to a height of from
lo to 30 feet; its form is usually somewhat bent, scraggy, and loosely branched;
but if transplanted when young to open places, it grows into a beautiful full,
umbrella-like tree, with an immense spread of branches. Bark greyish, cracked
into small, more or less rectangular pieces ; that of the branches is smooth,
red, and shows strongly the scars of previous leaves. Inflorescence terminal,
peduncled, involucrate, greenish heads; involucre white and showy; lobes 4, petaloid,
obcordate or furnished with deep notches, having a discolored and thickened
margin. Flozvers perfect, appearing with the leaves ; calyx tubular ; lobes 4, minute,
triangular and somewhat obtuse ; petals 4, oblong, obtuse, spreading, but at length
recurved in such a manner as to cause each flower, when magnified, to bear great
resemblance to a plain Ionic capital. Stamens 4, erect; filatnents slender and
filiform ; anthers oval, versatile, 2-celled. Style erect, slender, clavate, shorter
than the stamens ; stigma terminal, obtuse. Fruit a few oval, red drupes, containing
each a 2-celled and 2-seeded nutlet.
Cornaceae.—This small order is composed of shrubs or trees (rarely herbs)
having the following characters : Leaves mostly opposite, rarely alternate ; stipules
none. Inflorescence cymose, or (in two species of Cornus) capitate and subtended
by a showy, white involucre ; flozvers perfect or polygamous. Calyx tubular and
coherent with the ovary ; li nb minute, 4-toothed. Petals valvate in the bud, equal
in number to the calyx teeth or sometimes wanting. Stamens as many as the petals