N. ORD-LEGUMINOS  . 53

S. ORD.-C/ESALPINIE/E.

GENUS.—GYMNOCLADUS,* LAM.

SEX. SYST.-DICECIA DEC.  NlM  l.V.

GYMNOCLADUS.

COFFEE TREE.

SYN.—GYMNOCLADUS CANADENSIS, LAM. ; GUILANDICA DIOICA, LINN.

COM. NAMES.—KENTUCKY COFFEE TREE, AMERICAN COFFEE BEAN,

KENTUCKY MAHOGANY, NICKAR TREE, BONDUE, CHICOT.

A TINCTURE OF THE FRESH FRUIT PULP OF GYMNOCLADUS

CANADENSIS, LAM.

Description.—This peculiar tree, wiien mature, reaches a height of from 50

to 60 feet. Trunk erect; bark extremely rough, and curiously broken transversely

; branches few, thornlcss, when young- cane-like, and in winter so destitute

of anything looking like a bud tliat the whole tree appears as if dead. Leaves

bi-pinnate, 2 to 3 feet long, bearing a pair of opposite leaflets near the base, and

from 4 to 7 larger, odd-pinnate accessory leaf-stalks, each of which (upon the

younger branches) is composed of from 6 to 8 pairs of leaflets, so that each leaf

may bear from forty-eight to one hundred and seventy-four leaflets. These leaves

develop late and fall early. Leaflets alternate, vertical, ovate-lanceolate, taperpointed

and entire, the lower pair upon the base of the petiole almost cordate,

larger and more pointed ; stipules none. Lnfloresce7ice terminal compound racemes

or thyrsi ; flowers dioecious, pedicillate ; (estivation imbricate. Calyx elongatedtubular

below ; limb 5-cleft ; lobes lanceolate, equal. Corolla not papilionaceous ;

petals oblong, equal, inserted upon the summit of the calyx-tube. Stamens 10,

included, inserted with the petals; filaments distinct, short, and bearded; anthers

sagittate, versatile, introrse, 2-celled, opening longitudinally. Style single. Ovules

anatropous. Fruit an oblong, flattened pod, 6 to 10 inches long and about i inch

broad, pulpy inside; seeds 2 to 4, flattish, hard, somewhat ovoid, about one-half an

inch broad, and of a dark olive color ; embryo straight.

History and Habitat.—The Kentucky Coffee Tree grows in rich woods, along

rivers and lakes, from Western New York and Pennsylvania, to Illinois and southwestward,

where it flowers in June.

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