N. ORD-LEGUMINOS . 53
SEX. SYST.-DICECIA DEC. NlM l.V.
SYN.—GYMNOCLADUS CANADENSIS, LAM. ; GUILANDICA DIOICA, LINN.
COM. NAMES.—KENTUCKY COFFEE TREE, AMERICAN COFFEE BEAN,
KENTUCKY MAHOGANY, NICKAR TREE, BONDUE, CHICOT.
A TINCTURE OF THE FRESH FRUIT PULP OF GYMNOCLADUS
Description.—This peculiar tree, wiien mature, reaches a height of from 50
to 60 feet. Trunk erect; bark extremely rough, and curiously broken transversely
; branches few, thornlcss, when young- cane-like, and in winter so destitute
of anything looking like a bud tliat the whole tree appears as if dead. Leaves
bi-pinnate, 2 to 3 feet long, bearing a pair of opposite leaflets near the base, and
from 4 to 7 larger, odd-pinnate accessory leaf-stalks, each of which (upon the
younger branches) is composed of from 6 to 8 pairs of leaflets, so that each leaf
may bear from forty-eight to one hundred and seventy-four leaflets. These leaves
develop late and fall early. Leaflets alternate, vertical, ovate-lanceolate, taperpointed
and entire, the lower pair upon the base of the petiole almost cordate,
larger and more pointed ; stipules none. Lnfloresce7ice terminal compound racemes
or thyrsi ; flowers dioecious, pedicillate ; (estivation imbricate. Calyx elongatedtubular
below ; limb 5-cleft ; lobes lanceolate, equal. Corolla not papilionaceous ;
petals oblong, equal, inserted upon the summit of the calyx-tube. Stamens 10,
included, inserted with the petals; filaments distinct, short, and bearded; anthers
sagittate, versatile, introrse, 2-celled, opening longitudinally. Style single. Ovules
anatropous. Fruit an oblong, flattened pod, 6 to 10 inches long and about i inch
broad, pulpy inside; seeds 2 to 4, flattish, hard, somewhat ovoid, about one-half an
inch broad, and of a dark olive color ; embryo straight.
History and Habitat.—The Kentucky Coffee Tree grows in rich woods, along
rivers and lakes, from Western New York and Pennsylvania, to Illinois and southwestward,
where it flowers in June.