ARGEMONE MEXICANA,Linn.

 

N. ORD -PAPAVERACE^. 20

GENUS.—ARGEMONE,* LINN.

SEX. SYST.— l'i>LVAXl)kI.\ Mo.M i( .\M.\.

ARGEMONE.

PRICKLY POPPY.

SYN.—ARGEMONE MEXICANA, LINN.

COM. NAMES.—PRICKLY POPPY, DEVIL'S FIG, MEXICAN POPPY, THORN

APPLE,t YELLOW THISTLE,! THORN POPPY; (MEX. i CHICALOTE • fFR ) ARGE'MONE; (GER.) STACHELMOHN.

.\ TLXCTURE OF THE WHOLE PLANT .ARGEMONE MEXICANA, L.

Description.—This annual weedy herb, grows to a height of from i to 3 feet.

Root long, subcylindrical ; sie?n erect, branching, prickly-bristled, and furnished, as

the rest of the plant, with a gamboge-yellow milky juice. Leaves sessile, broadly

lanceolate in general outline, sinuate lobed, spiny toothed, and blotched or striped

with white along the principal veins. Injioresecnee solitary in the axils of the upper

leaves, and terminal ; buds erect, pedunculate \ floiL^ers large, yellow, or rarely white.

Sepals 2 to 3, roundish, acuminate, often prickly, very fugacious. Petals 4 to 6,

i. €., twice as many as the sepals, roundish, more or less crumpled in the bud.

Stamens indefinitely numerous ; filaments filiform, greatly attenuated at the apex ;

anthers large, innate. Ovai'y stricdy i -celled; style almost none; stigmas 3 to 6,

stellate-radiate, purple, velvety on the receptive surface; lobes reflexed. Fruit an

oblong-ovate, prickly pod, opening by 3 to 6 valves at the apex, leaving a skeleton

of from 3 to 6 filiform placentce in the shape of the original pod ; seeds globular,

crested, and pitted.

Papaveraceae.—This principally European family of herbs, noted for their

milky, and generally colored, narcotic or acrid juice, is represented in North

America by 15 genera, 23 species, and 7 recognized varieties. The order is further

characterized as follows: Leaves alternate, exstipulate. Peduncles i -flowered ;

floiueis regular, the parts in twos or muliples of two. Sepals 2, very rarely 3,

fugacious Petals 4 to 12, early deciduous, rarely absent, imbricated in the bud.

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