JUNIPERUS VIRGINIANA. Linn

 

N. ORD.-CONIFER  . 166

Tribe.-CUPRESSINE/E.

GENUS.—JUNIPERUS,* LINN.

SEX. SVST.—DlLECIA M0X.\1)ELI'111.\.

JUNIPERUS VIRGINIANA.

RED CEDAE.

SYN. — JUNIPERUS VIRGINIANA, LINN.; JUNIPERUS SABINA, HOOK.

(NOT LINN.).

COM. NAMES.—RED CEDAR, JUNIPER, OR SAVIN; PENCIL CEDAR; i±-R.)

CEDRE DB VIRGINIB; (GER.) VIRGINISCHE CEDER, ROTH CEDER.

A TINCTURE OF THE FRESH TWIGS OF JUNIPERUS VIRGINIANA, LINN.

Description.—This evergreen species often attains a growth of from 60 to 90

feet in the East, though in the West it seldom grows much larger than a full-sized

shrub. /rWrt' very durable and compact, odorous, and of a reddiidi color. Branches

more or less horizontal. Leaves small, usually opposite in pairs, not articulated,

connate-decurrent upon the stems, awl-shaped, flattish, and scalaceous ; upon the

young branches acute, flattish, appressed imbricate, and often furnished with a

dorsal resin-gland ; midrib or nerve none. Inflorescctice small catkins terminating

lateral branchlets ; flowers dioecious, or in some cases monoecious. Fertile catkins

ovoid, scales 3 to 6, scarious, coalescent, each ovuled, and all uniting in fruit to

form a berry. Sterile catkins formed of 3 to 6 peltate scales ; anther-cells at the

base of the scales. Fruit a small, roundish-ovoid, berry-like drupe, erect upon its

pedicel-like branchlet and covered with a bluish bloom. Seeds i to 3, bony, wingless

; the lower portion covered with a scarious membrane, smooth ; the upper

traversed by a smooth ridge, dividing it into two verrucose parts ; cotyledons two.

History and Habitat.—The Red Cedar is common in sterile, dry soils in nearly

all portions of North America, Japan, and the West Indies, flowering in May.

This tree is noted, above all others in this country, for the durability of its

wood, no matter how exposed to changes of weather ; many of the houses along

the Jersey shore of New York Bay, built in the early days of the present century

and shingled with cedar, have roofs still in excellent condition, and many posts for

Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage


Indian Medicinal Plants

Image Gallery of Medicinal Plants

List of useful Indian Plants

Ayurveda Treatments

About Ayurveda

Herbal Documents

Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants

This web page content Documented by free Google Books

medicinal plants top