N. ORD -EUPHORBIACE . 151
SEX. SVST.—MONCECr.V MONADEI,PHI.\.
SYN.—STILLINGIA SYLVATICA, LINN.; SAPIUM SYLVATICUM, TORREY.
COM. NAMES.—QUEEN'S DELIGHT, YAW-ROOT, MARCORY, COCKUPHAT,
QUEEN'S ROOT; (FR., GBR.) STILLINGIE.
A TINCTURE OF THE ROOT OF STILLINGIA SYLVATICA, LINN.
Description.—This herbaceous perennial grows to a height of from i to 3
feet. Stems clustered, glabrous, upright, and umbellately branched ; juice milky ;
root cylindraceous, thick, and ligneous, extensively creeping. Leaves alternate,
crowded, almost sessile, varying in form, from ovate and obovate, to oblong and
lanceolate, all thick and fleshy, and acute at the tip ; margin crenate-serrulate, with
a gland in each serrature ; stipules minute, setaceous. Inflorescence a dense, terminal,
monoecious spike ; flmocrs destitute of petals or disk-glands. Sterile floioers
in dense clusters of 5 to 10, arranged about the spike for nearly its whole extent,
each cluster in the axil of a deltoid, scarious-margined, acute bract, and laterally
enclosed by two peculiar scutellate glands attached to the rachis by their centres
calyx cup-shaped, membranaceous, with a 2-cleft margin, the divisions imbricated
in the bud ; stamens 2, greatly exserted ; filame7its filiform, attached for nearly
half their length below; anthers ctqcI, 2-lobed, adnate and extrorse. Fertile floioers
few, situated at the base of the spike in the axils of bracts similar to those of the
sterile flowers ; calyx 3-lobed ; style thick, articulated below, stigmas 3, simple,
diverging. Fruit a roundish, roughish capsule,, composed of 3 i -celled, i -seeded,
2-valved, carpels; seeds globose, roughish, carunculate.
History and Habitat.—Stillingia is indigenous to the United States, where it
grows in light, sandy and dry soil, from East Virginia southward to Florida, and