SYN. — ANEMONE PATENS, VAR. NUTTALLIANA, GRAY; ANEMONE
NUTTALLIANA, D. C. ; ANEMONE LUDOVICIANA, NUTT. ; ANEMONE
FLAVESCENS, ZUCC. ; CLEMATIS HIRSUTISSIMA, POIR;
PULSATILLA PATENS, GRAY ; PULSATILLA PATENS VAR. ; WOLPGANGIANA,
TRAUVT ; PULSATILLA NUTTALLIANA, GRAY.
COM. NAMES. — PASQUE FLOWER (CROCUS, MAY FLOWER, PRAIRIE
FLOWER, AMERICAN PULSATILLA, HARTSHORN PLANT, GOSLINWEED).
A TINCTURE OF THE WHOLE FRESH PLANT, ANEMONE PATENS, VAR.
Description.—This beautiful prairie flower grows to a height of from 4 to lo
inches, from a branched perennial root. Stc7n erect and hairy, encircled near the
flower by a many-cleft, silky-haired involiicre, composed of numerous linnear, acute
lobes, which form the true stem-leaves. Leaves upon long hairy petioles, rising
more or less erect from the rootstock ; they are ternately divided, the lateral
divisions sessile and deeply 2-cleft, the central stalked and 3-cleft ; all the segments
deeply incised into narrow, linnear, acute lobes, smooth above and hairy
beneath. Inflorescence a conspicuous, terminal, villous, light purplish-blue flower,
fully developed and fertilized before the appearance of the true leaves. Sepals
generally 5, at first incumbent, then spreading, answering to petals in appearance ;
villous upon their outer surface. Petals wanting, or replaced by minute glandular
bodies, resembling abortive stamens. Stamens innumerable, in a dense circlet
surrounding the pistils; fllanients slender; antJters extrose, 2-celled ; pollen
with three longitudinal, deep sulci. Pistils numerous, in a dense cluster, separate,
hairy ; style long and slender, with a somewhat recurved summit ; stigvia indcfinate.
Fruit a plumose head, similar to that of Clematis ; carpels i -seeded, with long
feathery tails, composed of the lengthened, persistent, hairy styles. Seeds suspended.
RanunculacesB.—This natural order is composed of herbs and woody climbers.
* AMfioj. anemos, ihe wind. So named upon the supposition that the flowers of this genus only opened when the
wind was blowing.