Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Uses and Identification




1.      Maclura tinctoria

2.    Magnolia champaca

3.    Magnolia virginiana

4.    Maianthemum racemosum

5.     Maianthemum stellatum

6.    Main Page

7.     Maize

8.    Malaxis monophyllos

9.    Malpighia coccigera

10.                        Malpighia glabra

11.  Malva alcea

12.Malva moschata

13.Malva sylvestris

14.Malva verticillata

15. Mammea americana


17. Mandragora officinarum


19.Mangifera indica

20.                      Manilkara kauki

21.Manilkara zapota

22.                       Maranta arundinacea

23.                       Marcgravia umbellata

24.                       Marjoram

25.                       Marrubium peregrinum

26.                       Marrubium vulgare

27.                       Marsilea quadrifolia

28.                       Martynia annua

29.                       Matricaria chamomilla

30.                      Matteuccia struthiopteris

31.Meconopsis cambrica

32.                       Medicago arborea

33.                       Medicago falcata

34.                       Medicago lupulina

35.                       Medicago marina

36.                       Medicago polymorpha

37.                       Medicago radiata

38.                       Medicago sativa

39.                       Melampyrum arvense

40.                      Melampyrum nemorosum

41.Melampyrum pratense

42.                       Melampyrum sylvaticum

43.                       Melia azedarach

44.                       Melianthus major

45.                       Melica altissima

46.                       Melica ciliata

47.                       Melica nutans

48.                       Melissa officinalis

49.                       Melittis melissophyllum

50.                       Melocactus caroli-linnaei

51. Melochia corchorifolia

52.                       Menispermum canadense

53.                       Mentha aquatica

54.                       Mentha arvensis

55.                        Mentha canadensis

56.                       Mentha cervina

57.                        Mentha longifolia

58.                       Mentha × piperita

59.                       Mentha pulegium

60.                      Menyanthes trifoliata

61.Mercurialis annua

62.                       Mercurialis perennis

63.                       Mesembryanthemum crystallinum

64.                       Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum

65.                       Mespilus germanica

66.                       Mesua ferrea

67.                       Micranthes nivalis

68.                       Microcos paniculata

69.                       Milium effusum

70.                       Mimosa pudica

71. Mimulus ringens

72.                       Mimusops elengi

73.                       Mirabilis jalapa

74.                       Misopates orontium

75.                        Mitchella repens

76.                       Mitella diphylla

77.                        Mitella nuda

78.                       Molinia caerulea

79.                       Mollugo verticillata

80.                      Moluccella laevis

81.Momordica balsamina

82.                       Momordica charantia

83.                       Momordica pedata

84.                       Monarda didyma

85.                       Monarda fistulosa

86.                       Monarda punctata

87.                       Monotropa hypopitys

88.                       Monotropa uniflora

89.                       Montia fontana

90.                      Montrichardia arborescens

91.Morinda citrifolia

92.                       Morus alba

93.                       Morus nigra

94.                       Morus rubra

95.                       Mung bean

96.                       Muntingia calabura

97.                       Muscari botryoides

98.                       Muscari racemosum

99.                       Muskmelon

100.                  Myosotis scorpioides

101.                    Myosurus minimus

102.                  Myrica cerifera

103.                  Myrica gale

104.                  Myriophyllum spicatum

105.                   Myriophyllum verticillatum

106.                  Myrsine africana

107.                   Myrtus communis

Matricaria chamomilla

  • German chamomile  (Matricaria chamomilla)
  • Also called: camomile, Hungarian chamomile, wild chamomile, or scented mayweed. Is a subset of chamomile.
  • Used in: Vaginal steaming
  • Claimed to: calm frayed nerves, treat stomach problems, relieve muscle spasms, treat skin conditions, treat mild infections, treat chest colds, treat sore throats, treat abscesses, treat gingivitis, treat anxiety, treat insomnia, teat psoriasis, treat acne and eczema, treat first-degree burns, treat ulcerative colitis, treat stomach ulcers, treat chickenpox, treat diaper rash, and treat colic.
  • Beneficial effects:
  • Animal studies have shown that German chamomile reduces inflammation, speeds wound healing, reduces muscle spasms, and serves as a mild sedative to help with sleep. Test tube studies have shown that chamomile can kill bacteria, fungus, and viruses. Very few studies exist to see if the same is true in people.
  • One (out of one) controlled study suggests that chamomile may help reduce the effects of anxiety disorder.
  • Two studies suggest German chamomile may reduce eczema.
  • Non-reliable effects:
  • No large and reliable studies have shown chamomile to help with indigestion.
  • Studies report mixed results for German chamomile as prevention against mouth sores resulting from radiation or chemotherapy.


Mentha pulegium

  • Pennyroyal  (Mentha pulegium)
  • Used for: inducing abortion, inducing menstruation and menstrual pain, nausea, "nervous conditions" and headache. There is no evidence to support the effectiveness of pennyroyal for anything besides abortions
  • Harmful effects: The essential oil is toxic to the liver and lung, and can be fatal if ingested.



Mentha piperita

  • Peppermint oil  (Mentha piperita)
  • Used for: nervousness, insomnia, cramps, coughs, migraine, gastrointestinal problems, headache, and vomiting
  • Harmful effects: may include heartburn, and, more rarely, nausea, vomiting, headache, flushing, mouth irritation/sores, severe stomach/abdominal pain, and anal burning during bouts of diarrhea.


  • Primrose oil: See Evening primrose oil.

Melaleuca alternifolia

  • Tea tree oil  (Melaleuca alternifolia)
  • Used for: (and is effective for) fungal infections, acne, and athlete's foot (topical application). Tea tree oil is, however, less effective than medications for curing athlete's foot.
  • Harmful effects: Side effects may include skin irritation and swelling, and "in people with acne, it can sometimes cause skin dryness, itching, stinging, burning, and redness." Applying products containing both tea tree and lavender oil to prepubescent boys may cause gynecomastia (larger breasts). Tea tree oil is highly toxic when ingested, even in small quantities, so it should never be taken by mouth.