Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Uses and Identification
11. Date palm
13. Datura metel
15. Daucus carota
23. Dianthus alpinus
24. Dianthus armeria
32. Dictamnus albus
34. Digitalis lutea
36. Digitalis thapsi
38. Dillenia indica
40. Dioscorea alata
46. Diospyros lotus
53. Dipsacus pilosus
54. Dirca palustris
60. Draba verna
62. Dragon's mouth
63. Drimia maritima
64. Drosera capensis
65. Drosera indica
68. Dryas octopetala
72. Drypis spinosa
74. Duranta erecta
76. Dysphania botrys
- Usage: Used for heart problems. Is effective, but:
- Whether or not a given quantity of digitalis contains enough digoxin to lead to an overdose depends on the individual plant(s) it's from (each individual plant (even in the same species) has a different digoxin content) so those using digitalis are effectively playing Russian roulette. There is no way of knowing if one pill is good, or if it will lead to an overdose and kill you. As Encyclopedia.com puts it:
Foxglove is no longer used as a heart medicine
because the therapeutic dose and the lethal dose are
very close. Seasonal variations in the level of
cardiac glycosides in the plant make the safe dose
impossible to estimate except by an experienced
physician and prescriber of the herb who monitors
the patient on an hourly basis for signs of
overdose. Few living doctors and herbalists can
safely use digitalis as a plant extract. Specific
standardized doses of pharmaceutical digoxin are
- The solution is to use pure digoxin, if prescribed by a doctor, because the doses are exactly measured.
effects: Side effects may include
irregular heart function and death.
Symptoms of digitalis overdose may include "stomach upset, small eye pupils, blurred vision, strong slow pulse, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, excessive urination, fatigue, muscle weakness and tremors, stupor, confusion, convulsions, abnormal heartbeats, and death. Long-term use of digitalis can lead to symptoms of toxicity, including visual halos, yellow-green vision, and stomach upset." "Even touching the plant with bare skin has been known to cause rashes, headache, and nausea."
Used for: spasmodic coughing,
chronic laryngitis, asthma; used as an
aphrodisiac in South America
evidence to evaluate efficacy.
Jimson weed leaves are smoked for asthma.
effects: Jimson weed is poisonous
and can cause dry mouth and extreme thirst,
vision problems, nausea and vomiting, fast heart
rate, hallucinations, high temperature,
seizures, confusion, loss of consciousness,
breathing problems, and death.
"The deadly dose for adults is - grams of leaf or - grams of the seeds."
research to evaluate efficacy for anything.
Used for heart problems, bronchitis, asthma, whooping cough, and wounds.
effects: The herb is cardiotoxic
and can be lethal, with side effects including
stomach irritation, loss of appetite, diarrhea,
vomiting, headache, vision changes, depression,
confusion, hallucinations, irregular heartbeat,
skin rash, miscarriages, seizures,
life-threatening abnormal heart rhythms, and
- Active ingredient plumbagin, claimed to boost the immune system
effects: Possible side effects of
plumbagin are diarrhea, skin rash, liver damage,
and abnormal blood counts.
Plumbagin is mutagenic to Escherichia coli.